My Dutch bias hasn’t been part of this blog for a long time. You can go way back and find that I trace the origins of modern commerce to Holland in the 1600’s. I also locate the American facility with commerce in the Dutch colony of Manhattan and Alexander Hamilton, a Manhattanite.
First the back story. What the British have long called their ‘Glorious Revolution’ was in fact the Dutch military marching across England, defeating the troops of James II, on their way to seize London. 1688.
The Dutch were responding to James’ provocative Catholicism and his close ties to the Dutch main enemy: France.
The Dutch leader was William of Orange. He commanded the largest naval fleet ever assembled, until 1944.
William proposed a new election of parliament. He negotiated with the new parliament that he and his wife, Mary Queen of Scots become the new King and Queen of England. The negotiation included a Bill of Rights proposed by Parliament which the new King William agreed to.
The Bill of Rights of 1689 became a model for the American Bill of Rights in 1791 that were the first ten amendments to the Constitutional Convention’s drafted constitution. As in England, where it was demanded by Parliament, the American Bill of Rights was demanded by the states.
James II had disarmed Protestants and armed Catholics, so the 1689 Bill of Rights upheld “certain ancient rights and liberties” including allowing Protestants to “have arms for their defense suitable to their conditions and as allowed by law.” Not subject to control by the King.
Just so you know where the second amendment to our Constitution comes from. It came from the English military loss to the Dutch.